''Paul Emil Flechsig'' (29 juin, 1847 - 22 juillet, 1929) fut un neuroanatomiste et neuropathologiste allemand rattaché à l'Université de Leipzig.
Le faisceau de Flechsig est nommé en son honneur. (fr.wikipedia.org)
''Paul Emil Flechsig'' (June 29, 1847 - July 22, 1929) was a German neuroanatomist, psychiatrist and neuropathologist. Born in Zwickau, he spent over fifty years of his medical career at the University of Leipzig. Although Flechsig contributed much in regards to his study of neurological disorders, he is mainly remembered today concerning his research regarding myelinogenesis. Among his students were Emil Kraepelin and Oskar Vogt (mentor to Korbinian Brodmann). Flechsig was the treating psychiatrist for Daniel Paul Schreber, whose memoir inspired Sigmund Freud to publish a detailed analysis of the case in 1911. Flechsig's work has still not been rediscovered widely but his map was reprinted and discussed in Fuster's "Cortex and Mind". ¶
''Myelinogenesis'' is a technique he pioneered in which he studied brains of the late term fetus and newborn by staining for myelin. Between about two months before and after birth, most of the cerebral cortex becomes myelinated. The order in which this happens appears to reflect the evolutionary order of mammals from less to more complex. He derived a map of the cerebral cortex divided not by histology (as Korbinian Brodmann did) but by order of myelination. ¶
Flechsig divided the cortical regions into: # an early myelinating primitive zone, which includes the motor cortex and the visual, auditory, and somatosensory cortex; # a field bordering the primitive zone that myelinates next; # a late-myelinating zone, which he called “association”. The last area of the human cerebral cortex to myelinate is the Dorsolateral Prefrontal cortex. (Flechsig #45, Brodmann areas 9 & 46). This region continues to develop in adolescence and adulthood it is related to executive function and working memory. ¶
The "Paul-Flechsig-Institute of Brain Research" at the University of Leipzig is an institution established in 1974 in tribute to Flechsig. The institute's scientific emphases is on cellular and molecular aspects of neurodegenerative diseases and glial reactions in the brain and the retina. (en.wikipedia.org)
''Paul Emil Flechsig'', född 29 juni 1847 i Zwickau, död 23 juli 1929 i Leipzig, var en tysk läkare och professor. (sv.wikipedia.org)
''Paul Emil Flechsig'' (* 29. Juni 1847 in Zwickau; † 23. Juli 1929 in Leipzig) war ein deutscher Psychiater und Hirnforscher. Er gilt als einer der „Väter der Neuroanatomie“. (de.wikipedia.org)